Avant Garde Cinema / Surrealism Film / (Experimental Entertainment)
‘A style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious
ornonrational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or the exploitation of chance effects, unexpected
juxtapositions, etc. Surrealist film balances on of the periphery of the logical and illogical by their careful
combination of ‘perceptual and imaginary elements. Surrealist film is thus based on a combination of diametrically
opposed values.’ Surrealist film had narrative structure, familiar character-types, a sense of diegetic time and space,
and shared many of the cinematographic techniques that could be found in the popular films of the day.’
‘A group active in the invention and application of new techniques in a given field, especially in the arts.
So what made the Surrealist films canonical of the avant-garde rather than of the mainstream cinema?
What drew the Surrealists to the cinema in the first place?
What aspects of the cinematic experience suited their cause and why did they prefer convention to innovation?’
‘While “experimental” covers a wide range of practice, an experimental film is often characterized by the absence of
linear narrative, the use of various abstracting techniques—out-of-focus, painting or scratching on film, rapid editing
—the use of asynchronous (non-diegetic) sound or even the absence of any sound track.
The goal is often to place theviewer in a more active and more thoughtful relationship to the film.
At least through the 1960s, and to some extent after, many experimental films took an oppositional stance toward mainstream culture.’
Surrealism films are a mix of logical and illogical ideas formed to construct entertainment for the viewers.
Avant Garde Cinema is more experimental, meaning the approach to developing a film is more flexible and can therefore entertain differently and can yet also entertain similarly like surrealism films.
They both are focused on the arts and culture of society. (The basis of what the films are based on, to construct entertainment).