“Realism, started by the Lumiere documentaries, is all about showing the truth. A realist will try to preserve the illusion that their film world is unmanipulated, an objective mirror of the actual world. We rarely notice the style in a realistic movie. They often aim for a rough look, with the idea that “if it’s too pretty, it’s false.” This means there is often handheld camera or simply a camera on a tripod. They use available light (often just the sun).”
So is District9 an example of Realism?
District9 is NOT an example of a Realist film as it not showing any truth in the actual world as Earth does not contain any form of alien. The short film was handheld filmed and used available light (the sun). Editing was used to create the aliens and is therefore more evidence as to why this is not a realism film. The film was “too pretty” and therefore considered false.
District9 is considered to be an example of a Realist film as it was shot, using the techniques of a realist film, despite the Sci-fi genre, incorporating aliens.