Avant-Garde, Surrealism and Experimental Film

  1. Experimental Film: a range of filmmaking styles, its opposed to mainstream filming.
  2. Avant-Garde: an example of an experimental film which links to artistic movement. In the 60’s it was known as ‘Underground’. The generic term today is ‘Experimental Cinema’.
  3. Experimental Characteristics: animations, non-diegetic sounds, non narrative, uses rapid editing and out of focus. The goal is often to place the viewer in a more active and more thoughtful relationship to the film.
  4. Avant-Garde: means ‘advance guard’ or ‘vanguard’. The term was originally used to describe the foremost part of an army advancing into battle. Filmmaking is collaborative.
  5. Avant-Garde Characteristics: non linear storytelling, fast paced, obscure storytelling, can be surrealist and realist.
  6. Surrealism: non realist – opposed to realist. It is a visual art and literature movement. It flourished in Europe between WWI – WWII. It moved out of the Dada movement > odd art. It is the reuniting conscious and unconscious realms.
  7. Manifesto: like a rulebook.
  8. Sigmund Freud: a man of unusual expression, who voices his opinion, through the relationship to some sort of sexual behaviour or idea.
By trentwhitworth

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