A view on an issue/topic/text/genre that is depicted as a truth, whilst through change of time, dictates that ‘truth’ to be false or just incorrect.

-Eg1: Nazi Germany: Extermination of the Jews were the way that Adolf Hitler dictated to be the ‘only way for Germany’. In todays society we view this to be negative, as it is murder. So this ‘truth’ became incorrect through the changes of society.

-Eg2: Australian Colonisation: The British labeled the Aboriginal people as ‘less than human life, more towards the animal kingdom’. This statement has changed over time through society as the ideology has changed as the values of people have changed.

Ideology in Media Studies
Ideology is a difficult – but important – concept to grasp. Simply put, it is the ideas behind a media text, the secret (or sometimes not-so secret) agenda of its producers. It is important to be able to identify the different ideological discourses that may be present in even an apparently simple photograph.

In sociological terms, ideology is a body of ideas or set of beliefs that underpins a process or institution and leads to social relations. These sets of beliefs are those held by groups within society, and the prevalent ones are those held by the ruling/dominant groups.

Ideological Discourse
These are the issues/attitudes debated over in the Media which form part of the everyday ideological discourse in our society. The views taken on these subjects form the basis of our social rules and practice:

nationalism/national identity
left wing/right wing politics
public/personal reality
crime and punishment etc

By trentwhitworth

Notes on Blade Runner


Film Noir: Crime, murders – use of violence

Surrealism: Soundtracks, mysterious and dark

German Expressionism: Dark and moody sets

-Future LA is viewed as dark, not sunny or happy, but more rainy and dangerous.

-All the scenes were shot at night, indoors had very dark lighting but may included a type of lighting, either neon or candle lights.

-Roy (Human Robot) doesn’t kill, unless he is in danger, however Deckard (Unknown that he is a Human Robot) always kills, the humans lack value of life, compared to the human robots.

-Photographs are symbolic of memories, memories that may not even happened to them, Rachel is an example of someone who is experiencing this as she too, is a human robot, hence why she has a collection of photographs {memories}.

-The female characters are murdered differently to men, women are shot at, repeatedly and the men are touched, example eyes been pushed in by thumbs.

-Woman are abused, as in they follow the commands of the males, unless it is to do with seduction, then the males are ‘under the spell’ of love.

-Deckard is a Human Robot as well

Movie Info
“A blend of science fiction and noir detective fiction, Blade Runner (1982) was a box office and critical bust upon its initial exhibition, but its unique postmodern production design became hugely influential within the sci-fi genre, and the film gained a significant cult following that increased its stature. Harrison Ford stars as Rick Deckard, a retired cop in Los Angeles circa 2019. L.A. has become a pan-cultural dystopia of corporate advertising, pollution and flying automobiles, as well as replicants, human-like androids with short life spans built by the Tyrell Corporation for use in dangerous off-world colonization. Deckard’s former job in the police department was as a talented blade runner, a euphemism for detectives that hunt down and assassinate rogue replicants. Called before his one-time superior (M. Emmett Walsh), Deckard is forced back into active duty. A quartet of replicants led by Roy Batty (Rutger Hauer) has escaped and headed to Earth, killing several humans in the process. After meeting with the eccentric Eldon Tyrell (Joe Turkel), creator of the replicants, Deckard finds and eliminates Zhora (Joanna Cassidy), one of his targets. Attacked by another replicant, Leon (Brion James), Deckard is about to be killed when he’s saved by Rachael (Sean Young), Tyrell’s assistant and a replicant who’s unaware of her true nature. In the meantime, Batty and his replicant pleasure model lover, Pris (Darryl Hannah) use a dying inventor, J.F. Sebastian (William Sanderson) to get close to Tyrell and murder him. Deckard tracks the pair to Sebastian’s, where a bloody and violent final confrontation between Deckard and Batty takes place on a skyscraper rooftop high above the city. In 1992, Ridley Scott released a popular director’s cut that removed Deckard’s narration, added a dream sequence, and excised a happy ending imposed by the results of test screenings; these legendary behind-the-scenes battles were chronicled in a 1996 tome, Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner by Paul M. Sammon. ~ Karl Williams, Rovi”

R, 1 hr. 54 min.
Drama, Science Fiction & Fantasy
Directed By: Ridley Scott
Written By: Hampton Fancher, David Webb Peoples
US Box Office:$1.2M
Warner Bros. Pictures

By trentwhitworth

Blade Runner – 1982 Film – Ridley Scott

Written text: Los Angeles 2019

Opening scene

-Dark, suspenseful music build up to a sci-fi flying airship

-Overlook (Camera – Bird eye view) of high tech futuristic infrastructure

-‘THE TEST’ – A series of questions asked in the form of a journey.

-The interrogated man [Leon] reveals a gun once asked to talk about his mother, this prevents to continue the ‘journey’

-American man (the ‘New Blade Runner’ – retired officer is asked to rejoin ‘the force’ – conducted by the ‘chief’) surrounded in asian culture (Outside Restaurant) Is asked a series of questions – some sort of importance

-The Chief says: “I need the old blade runner back,  i need your magic”

-Mystical music, revealing the surroundings of LA in more depth

-NEXUS (6-Gen) Robots – The ‘enemy’ of the film due to its developer

-Owl: significance of freedom, the ability to flee from problems or bad decisions

-Female character (Wearing large coat – Referring to as the ‘Coat woman’) greets the American. Just before she is asked to conduct the test to see what will be the effect, she asks “Do you mind if i smoke” (Very Film Noir). She is a very confident woman, who answers the ‘questions’ straight up.

-Bicycles are the alternative transportation other than the ‘car’ (wealth statement) Flying cars are more ‘wealthy’

-Costuming: Female ‘royalty’ – large coat. Males – casual suit

-The blade runner (American) lives in a mid class apartment, as it is not seen as ‘grand’, quite messy and unorganised. His car drives on the ground (as normal in todays time)therefore not so ‘grand’, viewed in the text.

-Certain ‘people’ are given other peoples memories

-Steam pours out from ‘the underground’ – very american and shares the film noir style

-Sad depressing Jazz music is played as we see a ‘poor’ woman who is dressed like a prostitute, walks to a cluster of bins and lays down under a pile of thrown out newspaper. She is in need of a ‘home’ and she is “an orphan”. Sebastian takes her in.

-Sebastians home style is just as bad but is still better as he lives indoors

-Photographs are being viewed over a piano by Deckard, for evidence, Slow motion footage of a majestical white unicorn – surrealist

-Paid phones have visual camera in them, for video calling

-Female Fatale – Film noir – Powerful, seductive (nude) female, distracts male on his job (investigation) and at the right time she is able to kill him or in this case, run away. She is then shot several times by the blade runner until she finally falls down and doesn’t get back up, this is shown in slow motion with jazz music. The surrounding citizens do not run in fear, they simply continue with their own tasks – could be due to the large amount of criminal activity.

-Ironic: the interrogated man from the start of the film dies after the ‘Coat woman’ [Rachel] shoots him, even though he said that the Blade Runner (Rick Deckard) was about to die. “Time for you to die!’ [Gun shot].

-The prostitute like woman (Pris) walks into the room where J.F. Sebastian is, full of make up, and calls in Roy Batty, and she kisses him.

-Sebastian is the creator of the Human Robots

-Chess game: Life is a game, you just have to play it right.

-Murder of Tyrell conducted by Roy, then goes after Sebastian

-Deckard has an incoming phone message from Pris, this causes him to go look for her.

-Cut scene of Deckard and Pris, (him entering the building – leading up to the scene where he finds Pris, standing still, posing as a mannequin.The close up shots of Pris become more intense, from a casual stare to twitching, to rolling back her eyes – surrounded by several other female toys in pink, however that masculine evil robot is laughing).

-Blade runner investigates the premisses of Sebastian’s apartment, very dark and blue lighting flashing over and over with heavy rain, he only finds the crazy prostitute looking woman (Pris), who has gone mad and begun to kill him, in the end he shots her three times, after the first she starts to spaz out, then dies after the third.

-Roy sees Pris’ dead body, kisses her on her lips – loss love.

– Roy speaks to Deckard – “Aren’t you a good man?”

-Extreme close up of gun as blade runner is hunting down Roy.

-Blade runner finds Roy in the apartment, he manages to get a hold of his hand, and damages his fingers on his right hand (Shooting arm)

-Roy returns to Pris, puts his hand into the blood pool, and wipes it onto his lips. He then howls like a wolf.

-The whole ‘chess game’ is been played here as Roy is giving the blade runner a chance at life to win.

-Blade runner enters a very dark looking bathroom where Roy enters through the wall, he clearly states “Thats the spirit” as he is been attacked. Roy continues to make this wolf sound every time he ‘wins’, cause Deckard left the scene.

-They both reach the rooftop, low camera angle revealing Roy as the more powerful being as Deckard is hanging off from the building that he jumped to. Close up of Roys face as he is now jumped over to the other side where Deckard is. “Quite an experience living in fear that is what it mans to live like a slave” – Roy just before Deckard falls, however Roy saves him, after a chat, Roy suddenly dies, “Time to die”, this is filmed in slow motion, he just ‘slowly’ falls to the ground.

-Police detective [we know this because he is wearing the classic detective police type outfit {Suit} and in the foreground there is a police hover car] – The man says: “Its to bad she [Rachel] wont live, but then who does?”

-Rachel is found lying on a table, with a cloth over her head, she awakens and kisses Deckard, [“Do you love me? I do. Do you trust me? Yes”] and they both walk out of the room.

-A shape of a unicorn made out of origami – silver metallic – robot like, was left on the floor. Repeat of audio “Its to bad she [Rachel] wont live, but then who does?” – Evidence of inserted memory, [how else would he know what the Unicorn is about, and its meaning of being left on the floor]. So he is a replicant.

End Scene

By trentwhitworth

Blade Runner Podcast

Thursday, Sep 1, 2005 -> Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir

Classic Neo-Film Noir example:

  • Production Release – 1982
  • Not a successful film at the start
  • Now is an essential science fiction neo-film noir film
  • Has great cinematic techniques
  • Noir example: – Cigarette smoking – very common in this style
  • Dystopian, Futuristic, Urban environment (“based 40 years into the future but is seen as 40 years in the past”)
  • Includes a “Seductive women” and “The protagonist”
  • Plot: set in 2019, has robots that rebel – want “more life” <- Classic
  • Defects on characters – corruption – humans (wanting safety and reduction of fear) – robots (wanting more life)
  • The asking of deep personal questions – putting humans in a pressured position – suspense to outcome of event
  • Crime/murder
By trentwhitworth

Pre-Production – Planning





Bilbo walks in, flips ring into the air then catches it, places it into pocket, walks off scene



1) Empty room (frame)

2) Bilbo appears (effect) – Long shot/Eye level

3) Bilbo twirls ring in his fingers. Extreme Close up, high angle ( looking down on the ring, Bilbo’s P.O.V)

4) Flipping into air – Mid shot/Eye level – Tilt following ring

5) Ring into pocket – Ex. Close up/Eye level > to ring

6) Walks away – Mid shot/Eye level – Panning to follow

Each Shot is a Storyboard (image)


Major films such as Lord of the Rings, use storyboarding to plan out each frame of the entire movie, or at least the most important movement frames. From this they continue to explore in the development of creating a film by creating each storyboard 2D drawing into a miniature scale replica of the film. From this they can even go as far as creating a virtual 3D animated version of each scene, to accurately visualise how the final product may look like.

That is the extreme, the basis that is needed is the standard 2D hand-drawn storyboards. So for our short film production, the minimum is needed, is the standard.








1.) Pre- Production- planning

– Brainstorming

– Treatment

– Script

– Shot List


– Pre-vizualization- Animatic (storyboards), miniatures, location shots, 3D

– Shooting schedule: time, location, props, actors, costumes.

2.) Production – Filming

3.) Post -production – Assembly (editing)

4.) Distribution (Sharing)

By trentwhitworth

“Other” Student Short Film Example

This short film is an example of what i believe is a fantastic example of a Media Production as it includes other film styles in the overarching Film Noir style. If i was assessing this production i would grade it 24/28. The technical codes were taken into consideration and therefore was the central point as to why the final product is so well edited and thought out. This is the type of short film that i would like to remake (direct) for one of my own, it is that good.

By trentwhitworth

Filmmaking Production Task

For the next task, we are to develop a maximum film of no longer than 5 minutes using a film style that we have studied in class. The group that i am in is with Damon, we have decided to create a Film Noir film.

Short Film.

Film Noir

By trentwhitworth

The Square

Unwrapping the film:

The Square is a neo-noir thriller film directed by Nash Edgerton, written by his brother Joel Edgerton and Matthew Dabner, and starring David Roberts and Claire van der Boom.

Text = Art Film

Media Form = Feature Film

Genre = Neo Noir

Director (Nash Edgerton)= Independent Filmmaker

Audience = Niche

Institution = Independent

How is it an Australian Film: Australian wildlife, accents, colloquial language, low- mid: class cars (bogan feel) and homes, high bushland, long hair styles (mullet), violence, weapons and beer drinking

Ray and Carla: Two characters who are having an affair (with each other, neglecting his wife and her husband). Both mysterious, avoiding situations, reserved, she is stealing money from her boyfriend – has hope to run away with Ray.


Joel Edgerton wrote the script in eight years. He said that “I first wrote “The Square” as an idea in my early 20’s just, I had notebooks filled with thoughts and ideas about movies I wanted to write, but I never was a writer until I sat down to write a screenplay for Nash. It was this sort of jumbled mess of a thing I was trying to write for him, a crime caper story. As I started writing that, I sort of stopped at one point and started writing “The Square” as a different project with no director attached to it. Then at some point, when “The Square” started developing its first draft and then at subsequent drafts, I eventually did the old Indiana Jones switcharoo and was like, “Why don’t we just take this script away and put this one in its place because I think this is a more mature project for us to make.” Thankfully, he felt the same and so we basically put our focus into a new thing and that became The Square.”


In 2009, David Michod released the documentary, a 30 minutes behind-the-scenes look at the making of The Square, called Inside the Square.

By trentwhitworth