Film Noir Film Expectations

What is the film expected to include?:

  • Black and White edited film
  • Environment: CBD, or lonesome location – suitable for murder scene, unless silent murder, then CBD is suitable
  • A victim, villain and detective
  • Use of shadowsDetective following villain, following either victim or is aware of Detective, who is also the victim role
  • Long sweeping camera shots
  • Use of props: Newspaper, weapon
  • Correct (Suitable) clothing for each character role: Victim: casual clothing, Villain and Detective: Large coat, long pants
By trentwhitworth

The Production Roles


  1. Editor
  2. Scriptwriter
  3. Storyboards


  1. Cinematographer
  2. Director
  3. Film Treatment


  1. Shot List
  2. Distributor
  3. Shooting Schedule
By trentwhitworth

How to make a Film Noir

The above video explains the simple approach to creating a film noir film.

Film Noir has very limited editing required as its shots are mainly continuous. Editing can consist of black and white colour change and limited faded shots.

Shadows are a good way to represent a ‘dark presence’ or villain. The murder scene could be displayed in shadows, or even just a simple cop investigation, following the villain to the victim. Suspenseful music and Jazz, sets the scene well, if the setting is in the CBD. Overall it should be used anyway. Jazz is more suitable however for the CBD, and an increase usage of suspenseful music suits the outer suburbs, or open environment.

A film noir should have a transition from day to night, representing a day passing, and crime occurs at night. Day shots represent the mystery, the detective who follows up on his job, searching, locating the villain character.

A simple approach to editing is suitable for a film noir, a neo-noir would require more editing as it is a ‘re-newed’ version of a film noir, including colour to the typical black and white. An example of this can be viewed in the opening scene of Sin City.

By trentwhitworth

Production Update


  1. Primary Role (10 Marks): Cinematographer/Editor
  2. Secondary Role (3 Marks): Director/Producer, Script writer
  3. Documentation (14 Marks): (See dot point #2 below)
  4. Use of Codes and Conventions (5 Marks): Suitable for the Genre/Style of choice
  5. Final Production (10 Marks): Handed in on time and all the correct features are included.


  • This year there will be Two Production Tasks, both to be handed in on the 24th September.(1 Art Film and 1 Documentary).
  • 5 Pages (MAX) in size 11 Ariel font are to be handed in per two 5 minute (MAX) films.
  • In groups of two.
By trentwhitworth

Power and Persuasion

What is your Understanding?

Mega Media: Nobody can dispute the media are powerful institutions in our society.

  • Economically
  • Politically
  • Culturally

The media are large money making institutions, they have the potential to wield political influence and shape peoples view of the world and they have significantly influenced the way people think and behave. Example the Wars (WWI, WWII, Cold War, Civil War…ect)

Persuasion: Nor can you dispute the persuasive nature of the media.

Characteristics that Create Meaning in Media Texts:

  1. Media Form – Shapes the way messages and stories are constructed in any given medium and they also influence how audiences react and interpretation those messages and stories. The Aspects: Technologies – Influences meaning due to its rapid advancement (TV, Digital Film, Downloads, 3D Technology, Internet, Apps, CGI, Digital Distribution Servers), Economics and Production Style – Style and budgets have a huge impact on how powerful and persuasive media texts can be (Scale of productions, Live VS Post event coverage, Access to technology, Access to VIPs/Actors, Equipment, Audiences Interpretation, Bias/Neutral of the person), Viewing and Listening Context – The context in which we view or listen to the media will have an impact of how we conduct actions. The context can also determine just how persuasive or powerful the media form can be (TV vs Cinema release, Youtube Distribution, Social Media Distribution, Underground Distribution, App Distribution, Professional vs Amateur production), Audiences – Being able to determine who the intended audience is/what their expectations are based form that the Director chooses is a crucial factor when analysing media work (Documentary audiences expert insight on a subject or genre)
  2. Rhetoric and Persuasive – The practice of using language to persuade or influence others. Visual codes are used rhetorically to persuade or influence others. (Rhetoric shapes meaning in all media narrative through: Selection (production information, codes, conventions and content are selected to pick out an ideal idea for persuasion of an issue/topic. – hence some content are left out so that the understanding that is displayed, cant be changed – bias), Camera and Crew – The camera reveals the content that is meant to be shown. We can never know what was left out, unless we are present at the scene. Film Sound and Editing – Editors are able to construct a true or false realist ideal. Sound creates the mood for the audience.
  3. Narrative – Engagingandentertaining – theability to absorbus into the story line.
  4. Audience Position Producers of media texts construct their messages, they select from a range of images, words and sounds to position their target audience. (Invokes strong responses, Changes attitudes, Making audiences believe something).
  5. Mode of Address  The HOW, media texts responds to audiences, different modes are used when talking to various people in different professions or otherwise relationship/s – Teachers, Police Officers, Friends, Family… The media text producers consider the audience and choose a suitable mode. It works from the premise that media texts have a target audience and address that audience.
  6. Codes and Conventions  The Camera is what the audience will see, hence the codes and conventions are chosen to display a certain outcome – thus positioning the audience (Through the Cam. Angle and Shot (Size). Technical Considerations: Camera Distance, Camera Angle, Jux, Lighting, Audio Codes.
By trentwhitworth


Our values and attitudes towards a whole range of issues and people are largely determined by the cultural context in which they have grown up.

Our beliefs shape behaviour towards other people and attitudes towards particular groups and issues. These remain relatively constant, however they mature as you mature and your experiences become more diverse.

The Media DIRECTLY INFLUENCES our beliefs.

“Whoever controls the media, controls the mind” – Jim Morrison

Australian Cultural Beliefs: Mate-ship, egalitarian (equality) society, ‘she’ll be right’, beer drinking and outdoor meals

Ideology: refers to a shared set of ideas, beliefs and practices that enables a society to function in an organised way. It reflects the values of social groups who have power in a society. It has been described as a ‘collective myth’ because we draw from traditional ideas and stories when we think about groups of people or particular subjects. Even those ideas are no longer valid, we still tend to draw on the mythology rather than our knowledge of the way things really are.

Mythology: The complexity of the original story is lost through continued retelling until the myth has a simple, clear message that appears to be an eternal truth. It refers to the stories that the shape the way we see ourselves and our culture. The originate in truth but as they evolve they are characterised as much by what is not said as by the message itself.

Discourse: refers to a set of assumptions of a framework that shapes how we understand and respond in society. The social importance reflects the different ways that audiences think. The assumptions you make within a particular discourse reflect your beliefs and values and your ideological position on issues. In media terms this is referred as: Demographical Discourse.

Ideology and the Media: The concept of Ideology is integrated with mythology and discourse. Ideology is the BIG PICTURE within which mythology and discourse operate.

We are born into the life of the world as the media provides a constant reinforcement of our ideology through events, both legitimising it and making it seem the natural way of doing things in our society and lives.

Ideology can be represented in symbols: for example the Nazi symbol, as it is manipulating, towards the ‘German Race’ over the Jewish people. From the Church (1570s – 1960s (Catholic Church) to Politics (1930s-1940s (Hitler) , now-a-days the ideology is run by the Economy (2000’s – 2014 (The Individual).

By trentwhitworth



-1877: Eadweard Muybridge develops sequential photographs of horses in motion. -> This was more along the lines of film development.Image1

-Films/documentaries developed from Lumier brothers dating back in 1895. They would film every day life, people going to work, trains passing by and so on…

-1926: – John Grierson (1898-1972), a young Scottish academic pursuing an interest in mass communications in the US, writes a review of Robert Flaherty’s ethnographic film Moana for the New York Sun (February 8, 1926). In the review he coins the term “documentary.”

-1935: German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl is commissioned by Adolph Hitler to film the annual Nazi Party rally of 1934. The resulting film, Triumph of the Will, is a landmark both in documentary technique and in the use of film as an astonishingly powerful propaganda medium.

Videos by/about Leni Riefenstahl in the Media Resources Center:

Triumph of the Will (1934) MRC call Call number: DVD 711
Olympiad (1936-38) MRC call number: Video/C 5432-5433
The Wonderful Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl. MRC call number: DVD 176

-In 1960 Robert Drew Associates produces Primary, the first film in which the sync-sound motion picture camera is able to move freely with characters throughout a breaking story (John F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey in the 1960 Wisconsin Democratic presidential primary). Primary is widely regarded as the earliest example of American “Direct Cinéma .”

Selected Videos by Robert Drew and Associates in the Media Resources Center:

Primary (1960) MRC call number VIDEO/C 4839
Letters from Vietnam (1965) MRC call number VIDEO/C 8989Image17

-1965: Sony introduces the first consumer 1/2-inch video tape recorder. Philips introduces the compact cassette for consumer audio recording and playback on small portable machines. -> This allows everyone to be able to construct a doco of their own.

Chronological History


The French used the term documentary to refer to any nonfiction film medium, including travelogues and instructional films. The earliest “moving pictures” were, by definition, documentaries.

Present Times

Modern documentaries have some overlap with television forms, with the development of “reality television” that occasionally verges on the documentary but more often veers to the fictional or staged, a mockumentary.

What are the different types of Documentaries:

  • Poetic documentaries
  • Expository documentaries
  • Observational documentaries
  • Participatory documentaries
  • Reflexive documentaries
  • Performative documentaries
By trentwhitworth