“An ideology is a set of ideas and values that supports a particular social system or way of living.”

Ideologies aim to male people aware of unquestioned ideas so that they can consider alternative ways of thinking and acting. Once a dominate ideology is established, it is very difficult for people to escape its influence. Many film and television theorists argue that the core values in modern movies and TV shows also are ideological – that is, they represent the world in a way that supports the values and lifestyles of some groups whilst ignoring or closing off alternative viewpoints. By constructing an ideology, filmmakers can either follow the principle and make it dominate or create their own alternative ideology based on their knowledge and opinion. Ideologies can also form representations of people – a TV show/movie is able to construct an image or group of certain people, thus making a representation of those people by how they act, behave, think and through their appearance.

By trentwhitworth

Film Analysis’

The Film Extracts:

Blade Runner:

  • The 1982 film, directed by Ridley Scott was reviewed heavily, it had many people disliking the film, however, who knew that it would turn out to be such a fantastic example of a Neo-Noir 30 years later.
  • The attention on Blade Runner has sprung ‘Cult’ groups.
  • October 23, 2012 a blu ray version was released, containing 1 movie and 5 different cuts. It is selling for $70, this proves just how much this film is important to society as it is an example of a ‘masterpiece’.


  •  The 2003 independent film, directed by Gus Van Sant was based on the American news reports of young teenagers/adults entering a school and causing harm, chaos and death to some.
  • The film had been constucted to have a ‘gamer’ feel to it as the weapons and some camera positioning demonstrates the young ‘gamer’ (FPS).
  • The long use of silence (in car driving scene on the way to the school) causes suspense, the deep breathing indicates that there may be a struggle, however, the main two characters are so calm with what they are doing, so the breathing must indicate to some suspense.

The Cove:

  • The 2009 documentary film, directed by Louie Psihoyos was based on the cruel life of dolphins, by how they are treated in poor environments such as ‘Sea World’, as it is not their natural habitat.
  • These natural environmentalist are demonstrating to the world, just how bad people can be, as such this film takes place in Taiji, Japan where whaling and dolphin slaughtering occurs. 
  • This film makes reference to ‘Flipper’, the trained dolphin as it too was removed from HER natural habitat, young female dolphins are the target for training as they can be easily trained. Male dolphins are mostly slaughtered.
By trentwhitworth

Exam Preperation for Wed 4th June

30% weighting

Time length: 3hrs

S1: Short answer 6 questions answer only 3 – 45 min time – worth 30/100 (10 marks each) – Bladerunner, The Cove, Elephant

S2: Extended answer 5 questions answer only 2 – 105 min time – worth 70/100 (35 marks each) – Any text studied in class

*Only write about the extract, do not focus on the entire film

Key Words: aesthetics, alternative and experimental media, naturalisation of stereotypes, ethics and censorship, media construction, values, protagonist, antagonist, production context, audience readings (different understandings: Dominate, Alternative, Resistance…), codes and conventions and narratives (SWAT Codes), financial constraints of the media, cultural identity, trends in the media and emerging media.

By trentwhitworth

Production Contexts

The Cove: A 2009 Documentary about saving dolphins in Taiji, Japan.

  • Mainstream Film (Help from OPS – Oceanic Preservation Society)
  • Directed by Louie Psihoyos. 
  • $2.5 Million Budget

Elephant: A 2003 Crime, Drama, Thriller film about teenagers. “An ordinary high school day. Except that it’s not.”

  • Independent Film (with HBO Films and The Montecito Picture Company)
  • Directed by Gus Van Sant
  • $3 Million Budget

Blade Runner: A 1982 Neo-Noir style film about a detective (the blade runner) tracking down and removing replicants.

  • Mainstream Film (Warner Bros. Entertainment and The Ladd Company)
  • Directed by Ridley Scott
  • $28 Million Budget
By trentwhitworth

New Exam Extracts

The Cove: 28 Aug 2011

-Documentary (Environmental activists): hand held cameras

-Taiji Japan – The largest dolphin exporter in the world

-Dolphins: Slaughtering, Captivity: Sea World, Poor living conditions: trapped in their own excrement

-Boats ramming into dolphins

-1964: the release of Flipper – Ric O’barry – 1962 development, capturing of young female dolphins (as well in the current times, this still happens… hence this doco), voice over stating that it is negative however the footage is viewed as ok. Positioning of the Audience to side with what they hear over what they see.

-Stress causes dolphins to die… example the tank s were they are held (Sea World) produces a lot of sound… “dolphins are sensitive to sound.”

Elephant: (Phrase: Elephant in the room, the big issue that has been ignored or neglected until it is addressed at one point): American production.

-Teenagers (2) planning criminal activity through out a school, so calm as if it is a ‘walk in the park’ – loss of innocents and humanity of these kids

-Camera shot of FPS (First Person Shooter): game like, very relatable to kids.

-Enters damaged car – long interior shot, silence, heavy breathing, car engine note, build of tension without musical suspense

-Cut scene: entering school grounds, silence no one is visible inside

-Enters school library, the two guys kill (express no emotion, dehumanized) innocent people (stereotypical librarian or female nerd and another female just out of camera frame – we hear the scream), cut to reactions of students and those in the female toilet, cut end of scene.

By trentwhitworth

Film Noir Examples

Great Example of a Short Film Noir Film

Great Example of a Short Film Noir Film – Femme Fatale

Great Example of a Short Film Noir Film – Non Femme Fatale

By trentwhitworth

Film Noir Film Expectations

What is the film expected to include?:

  • Black and White edited film
  • Environment: CBD, or lonesome location – suitable for murder scene, unless silent murder, then CBD is suitable
  • A victim, villain and detective
  • Use of shadowsDetective following villain, following either victim or is aware of Detective, who is also the victim role
  • Long sweeping camera shots
  • Use of props: Newspaper, weapon
  • Correct (Suitable) clothing for each character role: Victim: casual clothing, Villain and Detective: Large coat, long pants
By trentwhitworth

The Production Roles


  1. Editor
  2. Scriptwriter
  3. Storyboards


  1. Cinematographer
  2. Director
  3. Film Treatment


  1. Shot List
  2. Distributor
  3. Shooting Schedule
By trentwhitworth

How to make a Film Noir

The above video explains the simple approach to creating a film noir film.

Film Noir has very limited editing required as its shots are mainly continuous. Editing can consist of black and white colour change and limited faded shots.

Shadows are a good way to represent a ‘dark presence’ or villain. The murder scene could be displayed in shadows, or even just a simple cop investigation, following the villain to the victim. Suspenseful music and Jazz, sets the scene well, if the setting is in the CBD. Overall it should be used anyway. Jazz is more suitable however for the CBD, and an increase usage of suspenseful music suits the outer suburbs, or open environment.

A film noir should have a transition from day to night, representing a day passing, and crime occurs at night. Day shots represent the mystery, the detective who follows up on his job, searching, locating the villain character.

A simple approach to editing is suitable for a film noir, a neo-noir would require more editing as it is a ‘re-newed’ version of a film noir, including colour to the typical black and white. An example of this can be viewed in the opening scene of Sin City.

By trentwhitworth

Production Update


  1. Primary Role (10 Marks): Cinematographer/Editor
  2. Secondary Role (3 Marks): Director/Producer, Script writer
  3. Documentation (14 Marks): (See dot point #2 below)
  4. Use of Codes and Conventions (5 Marks): Suitable for the Genre/Style of choice
  5. Final Production (10 Marks): Handed in on time and all the correct features are included.


  • This year there will be Two Production Tasks, both to be handed in on the 24th September.(1 Art Film and 1 Documentary).
  • 5 Pages (MAX) in size 11 Ariel font are to be handed in per two 5 minute (MAX) films.
  • In groups of two.
By trentwhitworth